About 99% of calcium is present in the skeleton, where it supports bone formation and decreases bone loss. Nearly 60% of magnesium is found in bone, where it mediates bone-forming osteoblast activity and calcium metabolism. Magnesium also promotes proper muscle function.
Vitamin D is a key regulatory hormone for calcium and bone metabolism. Adequate vitamin D levels are essential for ensuring normal calcium absorption and maintenance of plasma calcium levels. Manganese is necessary for the activation of enzymes that help form proteoglycans, which are primarily responsible for the compressive strength of bones.
Osteoporosis, a condition of reduced bone mineral density that can increase risk of fractures, affects a large proportion of the elderly. Research demonstrates that higher peak bone mass decreases the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Adequate calcium and vitamin D as part of a healthy diet may help prevent bone loss/osteoporosis. As individuals achieve peak bone mass around age 30, it is critical for younger adults to maximize bone health during the bone growth period. However, even the elderly can benefit significantly from supplementation with dietary calcium.
- Periodontal health
- Muscle function
Magnesium (magnesium citrate, magnesium oxide) 100 mg
Manganese (manganese (II) sulfate monohydrate) 2.5 mg
Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 6.25 mcg (250 I.U.)
Vitamin E (d-alpha tocopheryl acid succinate) 3.4 mg AT (5 I.U.)
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 20 mg
Boron (boron citrate) 100 mcg
Betaine hydrochloride 20 mg
Calcium (calcium carbonate, calcium citrate) 375 mg
L-Glutamic acid (glutamic acid hydrochloride) 4 mg