- Helps to prevent vitamin B12 deficiency
- Helps to form red blood cells
- Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
- Helps reduce the risk of neural tube defects when taken daily prior to becoming pregnant and during early pregnancy
About B12 & Folic Acid:
Vitamin B12 is an important cofactor for two enzymatic reactions:
- methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, which helps break down branch chain amino acids and odd numbered fatty acids
- methionine synthase, which is needed for methyl transfer reactions, including the folic acid dependent conversion of homocysteine to methionine for protein production.
Vitamin B12 helps enhance methionine synthesis and increases the ability of folic acid to lower homocysteine levels for normal methyl metabolism. The vitamin is also required for the methylation of proteins involved in the synthesis and maintenance of myelin, and vitamin deficiencies can result in decreased production of myelin sheath, material needed for normal nervous system function. As methionine synthase is needed to form red blood cells, deficiencies in vitamin B12 have been associated with the production of abnormally large and irregularly shaped blood cells.